Forms of dating violence
Female genital mutilation is found mostly in Africa, and to a lesser extent in the Middle East and some other parts of Asia.
Marriage by abduction is found in Ethiopia, Central Asia and the Caucasus.
These definitions are conceptualized in an understanding of society as patriarchal, signifying unequal relations between men and women.
Opponents of such definitions argue that the definitions disregard violence against men and that the term gender, as used in gender based violence, only refers to women.
Acid throwing is also associated with these countries, as well as in Southeast Asia, including Cambodia.
Honor killing is associated with the Middle East and South Asia.
violence occurring in the family or domestic unit, including, inter alia, physical and mental aggression, emotional and psychological abuse, rape and sexual abuse, incest, rape between spouses, regular or occasional partners and cohabitants, crimes committed in the name of honour, female genital and sexual mutilation and other traditional practices harmful to women, such as forced marriages;b.
violence occurring within the general community, including, inter alia, rape, sexual abuse, sexual harassment and intimidation at work, in institutions or elsewhere trafficking in women for the purposes of sexual exploitation and economic exploitation and sex tourism;d.
These include violence carried out by "individuals" as well as "states".These justifications are questionable precisely because the defenses are generally voiced by political leaders or traditional authorities, not by those actually affected.The need for sensitivity and respect of culture is an element that cannot be ignored either; thus a sensitive debate has ensued and is ongoing.Abuse related to payment of bride price (such as violence, trafficking and forced marriage) is linked to parts of Sub-Saharan Africa and Oceania.